Our bodies are made up of different systems linked together to maintain homeostasis. The Endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a major role in controlling the physiological and cognitive process by creating an important link between the brain and the body. ECS receptors are found in almost every part of the body. Although our bodies produce endocannabinoids, the ECS also responds to the external cannabinoids. This makes it possible for the interaction between our bodies and plant cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD).

There are two types of cannabinoid receptors in the body; CB1, which is found in the Central Nervous System (CNS), and CB2, which is only found on peripheral tissues.

CBD does not have psychoactive properties like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) because it does not bind itself to either the CB1 or CB2 receptors, but instead stimulates them. THC typically binds to CB1 receptors hence affecting the functioning of CNS resulting in a state of feeling high. Due to the ability of CBD to interact with the CNS, it has the ability to treat various conditions. The following are some conditions that CBD can treat.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent seizure attacks. It can lead to psychological impairment. CBD has been shown to prevent seizures and reduce mortality in epileptic patients. This is because it has the capacity to affect polarization at the neurons. CBD has minor side-effect compared to other antiepileptic drugs.

Neuro-protection

CBD is also known for its neuroprotective properties. This means that it protects neurons from degeneration. This is why CBD can hinder the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. CBD is important in stimulating brain tissue and hindering its rapid decline. It also promotes the growth of brain cells.

Anxiety Disorder

Researchers have highlighted the importance of CBD in the treatment of anxiety-related disorders such as Generalized Anxiety Disorder as well as panic attacks. This is because it interacts with receptors in the brain responsible for regulating fear and anxiety.

Pain

Pain management is a challenge especially among patients suffering from chronic illness. CBD has shown impressive results in managing pain without any side effects. It stimulates pain receptors (vanniloid TRPV1) inducing an analgesic effect without the risk of addiction. This makes CBD very effective in treating both neuropathic pain and chronic pain. Its anti-inflammatory effect has also made it very popular in treating arthritis by managing joint and muscle pain. Studies show that high doses of CBD can be used to treat cancer without posing any threats of toxicity to the patient.

Addiction

There is evidence that CBD can be used to treat addiction. Many people around the world battle with drug and alcohol addiction. CBD helps to prevent dependence on drugs and other substances.